web design

Web design is the design of web pages, websites and web applications using HTML, CSS and images.
Web design is part of starting a website (web development) which can include web server configuration, writing web applications and server security.
Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web published a website in August 1991, making him also the first web designer. His first was to use hypertext with an existing e-mail link. Early on, websites were written in basic HTML, a markup language giving websites basic structure (headings and paragraphs), and the ability to link using hypertext. This was new and different to existing forms of communication - users could easily open other pages. As the Web and web design progressed, the markup language used to make it, known as Hypertext Mark-up Language or HTML, became more complex and flexible. Things like tables, which could be used to display tabular information, were soon subverted for use as invisible layout devices. With the advent of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), table based layout is increasingly regarded as outdated. Database integration technologies such as server-side scripting and design standards like CSS further changed and enhanced the way the Web is made. The introduction of Macromedia Flash into an already interactivity-ready scene has further changed the face of the Web, giving new power to designers and media creators, and offering new interactivity features to users. A relatively new technique called Remote Scripting has allowed more dynamic use of the web without the use of Flash or other specialized plug-ins.
A website is a collection of information about a particular topic or subject. Designing a website is defined as the arrangement and creation of web pages that in turn make up a website.
A web page consists of information for which the website is developed. On a different perspective, a webpage can be compared to a page in a book and a website is to a book. So, these are the main aspects involved in web design. Moving to the each in detail, the web page consists of text and images. It can also be said as that a web page is similar to a file which has all the data. To support the data or information the images are added to the web page. To be more technical the first page of a website is known as Home Page. Each and every page in a website is a HTML file which has its own web address. Web design involves some aspects or points to be remembered which will take the website to the people. Content should be organized, informative and easy to understand for the people to visit the site again and again. Last but not least, the website should display clearly and neatly the purpose for which it has been created. For a professional or business website the visitor or a client should not be distracted or disturbed by any aspect in the web design and should be able to navigate easily within the site. For educational websites the appearance and organization must provide a pleasant environment for learning new things.

fonte: www.wikipedia.org